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Wikipedia Estland


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Wikipedia Estland

Estland gehört zu den drei baltischen Staaten. [mydawsoncity.coms Transaviabaltika) mit kleinen Propellermaschinen vom Typ [mydawsoncity.comdia.​org/wiki/. Estland [ˈeːstlant; ˈɛstlant] (estnisch Eesti [ ˈeːsʲti], amtlich Republik Estland, estnisch Eesti Vabariik) ist ein Staat im Baltikum. Als nördlichster der drei. Energie wird in Estland größtenteils durch die großen Ölschiefervorkommen im 27 Wikipedia, Februar von mydawsoncity.com

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Der Artikel wird gebraucht, wenn „Estland“ in einer bestimmten Qualität, zu einem [1] Wikipedia-Artikel „Estland“: [1] Goethe-Wörterbuch „Estland“: [1] Uni. (Aus dem Artikel "Estland Trekking " des "Outdoorwiki" der Pfadfinder Baden​-Württembergs). Das Land ist auf WLAN-Basis voll vernetzt. Estland [ˈeːstlant; ˈɛstlant] (estnisch Eesti [ ˈeːsʲti], amtlich Republik Estland, estnisch Eesti Vabariik) ist ein Staat im Baltikum. Als nördlichster der drei.

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Wikipedia Estland Outline Index Category Portal. Retrieved 13 June Topgame De Lutherse kerk was in handen van de Duitstalige bovenlaag van grootgrondbezitters en stedelingen en, hoewel zij de Esten Www Kostenlose Spiele Ohne Anmeldung het begin in hun eigen taal tegemoet trad, behandelde zij hen als onmondig. Nach der Unabhängigkeit Neujahrslotterie Russisch als erste Fremdsprache durch Englisch ersetzt.

Den sydlige del, Livland , var under tyske styrer, til Den polsk-litauiske realunion erobrede provinsen i 'erne. I og tallet voksede hovedstaden Tallinn voldsomt, og den blev en Hansestad i Hanseforbundet.

Navnet betyder "Danskerborgen". Estland blev protestantisk i Svenskerne beholdt den administrative inddeling i to provinser. Denne inddeling varede indtil tallet.

Sovjetiske styrker genbesatte Estland i De sovjetiske styrker deporterede tidligere medlemmer af Waffen-SS og andre nazister ved massedeportationer i marts Det estiske medlemskab i Sovjetunionen varede til d.

De sidste tidligere sovjetiske tropper forlod Estland d. Estland blev medlem af EU den 1. The Teutonic Order finished suppressing the rebellion in , and the next year the Danish king sold his possessions in Estonia to the Order.

During the crusade, Reval Tallinn was founded, as the capital of Danish Estonia, on the site of Lindanise. In Reval received full town rights and adopted the Lübeck law.

Reval acted as a trade intermediary between Novgorod and Western Hanseatic cities, while Dorpat filled the same role with Pskov.

Many guilds were formed during that period, but only a very few allowed the participation of native Estonians. The Reformation in Europe began in , and soon spread to Livonia despite opposition by the Livonian Order.

During the 16th century, the expansionist monarchies of Muscowy , Sweden, and Poland—Lithuania consolidated power, posing a growing threat to decentralised Livonia weakened by disputes between cities, nobility, bishops, and the Order.

The Livonian Order was decisively defeated in , prompting Livonian factions to seek foreign protection. The majority of Livonia accepted Polish rule, while Reval and the nobles of Northern Estonia swore loyalty to the Swedish king, and the Bishop of Ösel-Wiek sold his lands to the Danish king.

Russian forces gradually conquered the majority of Livonia, but in the late s the Polish-Lithuanian and Swedish armies started their own offensives and the bloody war finally ended in with Russian defeat.

In , the Polish-Swedish War broke out, causing further devastation. The protracted war ended in with Sweden gaining Livonia , including the regions of Southern Estonia and Northern Latvia.

While serfdom was retained under Swedish rule, legal reforms took place which strengthened peasants' land usage and inheritance rights, resulting this period's reputation of the "Good Old Swedish Time" in people's historical memory.

Printing presses were also established in both towns. In the s the beginnings of Estonian elementary education appeared, largely due to efforts of Bengt Gottfried Forselius , who also introduced orthographical reforms to written Estonian.

The Estonian national awakening began in the s as the leading figures started promoting an Estonian national identity among the general populace.

Its economic basis was formed by widespread farm buyouts by peasants, forming a class of Estonian landowners. In Johann Voldemar Jannsen started publishing the first Estonian language newspaper and began popularising the denomination of oneself as eestlane Estonian.

The moderate wing led by Hurt focused on development of culture and Estonian education, while the radical wing led by Jacobson started demanding increased political and economical rights.

In the late 19th century the Russification period started, as the central government initiated various administrative and cultural measures to tie Baltic governorates more closely to the empire.

In the early 20th century Estonians started taking over control of local governments in towns from Germans. During the Revolution the first legal Estonian political parties were founded.

An Estonian national congress was convened and demanded the unification of Estonian areas into a single autonomous territory and an end to Russification.

During the unrest peasants and workers attacked manor houses. The Tsarist government responded with a brutal crackdown; some people were executed and hundreds more were jailed or deported to Siberia.

In , after the February Revolution , the governorate of Estonia was expanded to include Estonian speaking areas of Livonia and was granted autonomy, enabling formation of the Estonian Provincial Assembly.

However the Provincial Assembly established the Salvation Committee , and during the short interlude between Russian retreat and German arrival , the committee declared the independence of Estonia on 24 February , and formed the Estonian Provisional Government.

German occupation immediately followed, but after their defeat in World War I the Germans were forced to hand over power to the Provisional Government on 19 November.

Renewed Soviet attacks failed, and in spring, the Estonian army, in co-operation with White Russian forces, advanced into Russia and Latvia.

After the collapse of the White Russian forces, the Red Army launched a major offensive against Narva in late , but failed to achieve a breakthrough.

On 2 February , the Tartu Peace Treaty was signed between Estonia and Soviet Russia, with the latter pledging to permanently give up all sovereign claims to Estonia.

In April , the Estonian Constituent Assembly was elected. The Constituent Assembly passed a sweeping land reform expropriating large estates, and adopted a new highly liberal constitution establishing Estonia as a parliamentary democracy.

Päts, together with general Johan Laidoner and Kaarel Eenpalu , established an authoritarian regime well known as the " Era of Silence ", where the parliament was dissolved and the newly established Patriotic League became the only legal political party.

Opposition candidates were allowed to participate, but only as independents, while opposition parties remained banned. Estonia joined the League of Nations in The pact's secret protocol divided Eastern Europe into spheres of influence, with Estonia belonging to the Soviet sphere.

The Estonian government felt that it had no choice but to comply, and the treaty was signed on 28 September. On the same day, the airliner Kaleva was shot down by the Soviet Air Force.

Feeling that resistance was hopeless, the Estonian government complied and, on the next day, the whole country was occupied.

The USSR established a regime of oppression; most of the high-ranking civil and military officials, intelligentsia and industrialists were arrested, and usually executed soon afterwards.

Soviet repressions culminated on 14 June with mass deportation of around 11, people to Siberia , among whom more than half perished in inhumane conditions.

Soviet destruction battalions initiated a scorched earth policy. Political prisoners who could not be evacuated were executed by the NKVD. In July, German Wehrmacht reached south Estonia.

Initially many Estonians were hopeful that Germany would help to restore Estonia's independence, but this soon proved to be in vain.

Only a puppet collaborationist administration was established, and occupied Estonia was merged into Reichskommissariat Ostland , with its economy being fully subjugated to German military needs.

Numerous forced labour camps were established where thousands of Estonians, foreign Jews, Romani , and Soviet prisoners of war perished. The Red Army reached the Estonian borders again in early , but its advance into Estonia was stopped in heavy fighting near Narva for six months by German forces, including numerous Estonian units.

Thousands of Estonians opposing the second Soviet occupation joined a guerrilla movement known as Forest Brothers. The armed resistance was heaviest in the first few years after the war, but Soviet authorities gradually wore it down through attrition, and resistance effectively ceased to exist in the mids.

In March about 20, Estonians were deported to Siberia. Collectivization was fully completed soon afterwards. The Soviet Union began Russification , with hundreds of thousands of Russians and people of other Soviet nationalities being induced to settle in Estonia, which eventually threatened to turn Estonians into a minority in their own land.

The introduction of Perestroika in made political activity possible again, starting an independence restoration process known as the Singing Revolution.

Over the next two years almost all other Soviet Republics followed the Estonian lead issuing similar declarations. Soviet authorities recognised Estonian independence on 6 September, and on 17 September Estonia was admitted into the United Nations.

In radical economic reforms were launched for switching over to a market economy, including privatisation and currency reform.

Estonia lies on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea immediately across the Gulf of Finland, on the level northwestern part of the rising East European platform between Estonia's number of islands and islets in the Baltic Sea is estimated at some 2,, and the country has 2, including those in lakes.

Two of them are large enough to constitute separate counties: Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. Estonia has over 1, lakes.

There are many rivers in the country. Estonia is situated in the northern part of the temperate climate zone and in the transition zone between maritime and continental climate.

Estonia has four seasons of near-equal length. Average temperatures range from The average annual temperature in Estonia is 5. Snow cover, which is deepest in the south-eastern part of Estonia, usually lasts from mid-December to late March.

Many species extinct in most of the European countries can be still found in Estonia. Mammals present in Estonia include the grey wolf , lynx , brown bear , red fox , badger , wild boar , moose , red deer , roe deer , beaver , otter , grey seal , and ringed seal.

Critically endangered European mink has been successfully reintroduced to the island of Hiiumaa , and the rare Siberian flying squirrel is present in east Estonia.

There are 6 national parks, nature reserves, and many other protection areas. Estonia is a unitary parliamentary republic. The unicameral parliament Riigikogu serves as the legislative and the government as the executive.

Estonian parliament Riigikogu is elected by citizens over 18 years of age for a four-year term by proportional representation , and has members.

Riigikogu's responsibilities include approval and preservation of the national government, passing legal acts, passing the state budget, and conducting parliamentary supervision.

The Government of Estonia is formed by the Prime Minister of Estonia at recommendation of the President, and approved by the Riigikogu. The government, headed by the Prime Minister, represent the political leadership of the country and carry out domestic and foreign policy.

Ministers head ministries and represent its interests in the government. Sometimes ministers with no associated ministry are appointed, known as ministers without portfolio.

The head of the state is the President who has primarily representative and ceremonial role. The president is elected by the Riigikogu, or by a special electoral college.

The President proclaims the laws passed in the Riigikogu, and has right to refuse proclamation and return law in question for a new debate and decision.

If Riigikogu passes the law unamended, then the President has right to propose to the Supreme Court to declare the law unconstitutional.

The President also represents the country in international relations. The Constitution of Estonia also provides possibility for direct democracy through referendum, although since adoption of the constitution in the only referendum has been the referendum on European Union membership in Estonia has pursued the development of the e-government , with 99 percent of the public services being available on the web 24 hours a day.

In the most recent parliamentary elections of , five parties gained seats at Riigikogu. The Constitution of Estonia is the fundamental law, establishing the constitutional order based on five principles: human dignity, democracy, rule of law, social state, and the Estonian identity.

The first instance are county courts which handle all criminal and civil cases, and administrative courts which hear complaints about government and local officials, and other public disputes.

The second instance are district courts which handle appeals about the first instance decisions. Estonia is a unitary country with a single-tier local government system.

Local affairs are managed autonomously by local governments. Since administrative reform in , there are in total 79 local governments, including 15 towns and 64 rural municipalities.

All municipalities have equal legal status and form part of a county , which is a state administrative unit. The council appoints local government, headed by a mayor.

For additional decentralization the local authorities may form municipal districts with limited authority, currently those have been formed in Tallinn and Hiiumaa.

Separately from administrative units there are also settlement units : village, small borough, borough, and town. Generally, villages have less than , small boroughs have between —, boroughs and towns have over inhabitants.

Estonia was a member of the League of Nations from 22 September , and became a member of the United Nations on 17 September Since the early s, Estonia has been involved in active trilateral Baltic states co-operation with Latvia and Lithuania, and Nordic-Baltic co-operation with the Nordic countries.

The beginning of the attempt to redefine Estonia as "Nordic" was seen in December , when then Estonian foreign minister and President of Estonia from until Toomas Hendrik Ilves delivered a speech entitled "Estonia as a Nordic Country" to the Swedish Institute for International Affairs , [] with potential political calculation behind it being wish to distinguish Estonia from more slowly progressing southern neighbours, which could have postponed early participation in European Union enlargement for Estonia too.

Relations with Russia remain generally cold, though there is some practical co-operation. The Estonian Defence Forces consist of land forces , navy , and air force.

The current national military service is compulsory for healthy men between ages of 18 and 28, with conscripts serving 8 or month tours of duty, depending on their education and position provided by the Defence Forces.

The planned wartime size of the Defence Forces is 60, personnel, including 21, personnel in high readiness reserve.

The Estonian Defence League is a voluntary national defence organisation under management of Ministry of Defence. It is organized based on military principles, has its own military equipment, and provides various different military training for its members, including in guerilla tactics.

The Defence League has 16, members, with additional 10, volunteers in its affiliated organisations. Estonia co-operates with Latvia and Lithuania in several trilateral Baltic defence co-operation initiatives.

Estonia joined NATO in Since Estonia has participated in numerous international security and peacekeeping missions, including: Afghanistan , Iraq , Lebanon , Kosovo , and Mali.

Beginning 1 January , Estonia adopted the euro and became the 17th eurozone member state. Because of the global economic recession that began in , the GDP of Estonia decreased by 1.

The Estonian government made a supplementary negative budget, which was passed by Riigikogu. The revenue of the budget was decreased for by EEK 6.

The country has been experiencing economic growth ever since. The unemployment rate in March was 6. Estonia's economy continues to benefit from a transparent government and policies that sustain a high level of economic freedom , ranking 6th globally and 2nd in Europe.

A simplified tax system with flat rates and low indirect taxation, openness to foreign investment, and a liberal trade regime have supported the resilient and well-functioning economy.

In , a stable currency, the kroon , was established. It is issued by the Bank of Estonia , the country's central bank. The kroon succeeded the mark in and was used until After Estonia regained its independence, the kroon was reintroduced in Since re-establishing independence , Estonia has styled itself as the gateway between East and West and aggressively pursued economic reform and integration with the West.

The rate is set by the Local Council within the limits of 0. Utdypende artikkel: Estisk litteratur.

Kalevipoeg ble utgitt av Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald. Blant de fremst estiske forfatterne fra det Tallinn har ellers en rekke museer, de fleste ligger innenfor de middelalderske bymurene.

Portal : Estland. Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi. Den norske helsingforskomite. The New York Times engelsk. Oslo: Det Beste.

Better or worse? Oslo: Fafo. Foreign Policy engelsk. Oslo: Institutt for forsvarsstudier. Den europeiske unions medlemsstater.

Island Liechtenstein Norge. Efter detta har det estniska parlamentet strävat mot integration med Västeuropa, vilket har lett till att landet blev medlem i Nato den 29 mars och i Europeiska unionen den 1 maj Estland blev medlem i OECD Den största floden är Narva.

Se även städer i Estland. Estland är en republik och en parlamentarisk demokrati. Den nuvarande konstitutionen antogs och är republikens fjärde konstitution.

Estland har varit ett pionjärland inom elektronisk röstning i val, och har denna möjlighet sedan för lokalvalen och sedan även i nationella val till Riigikogu.

Väljare har därefter möjlighet att ändra sin elektroniska förhandsröst i vallokalen. Riigikogus ledamöter stiftar lagar, godkänner statsbudgeten och övervakar regeringens och de verkställande organens arbete, samt ratificerar internationella överenskommelser.

Estlands president är landets statschef och har huvudsakligen ceremoniella och representativa plikter. Presidentens signatur krävs för att de lagar som parlamentet stiftar ska träda i kraft och presidenten har rätt att skicka tillbaka lagar som anses vara oförenliga med landets konstitution, vilket i praktiken sällan händer.

Presidentämbetet har sitt säte i Kadriorgpalatsets administrationsbyggnad i stadsdelen Kadriorg. Estlands premiärminister är landets regeringschef och leder regeringen.

Domstolen har sitt säte i Tartu. Eestis on meresaart ja laidu, neist vaid on suuremad kui 1 hektar.

Kaks saart, Saaremaa ja Hiiumaa , on piisavalt suured, et moodustada eraldi maakonna põhiosa. Eestis on üle järve.

Eestis on palju jõgesid. Lisaks Väinamerele kuulub Eestile osa Läänemerest, sh Soome lahe lõunaserv, suur osa Liivi lahest ja arvukalt väiksemaid Läänemere lahtesid.

Eestis valitseb mandrilise ja merelise kliima vaheline üleminekuline paraskliima. Tänu Atlandi ookeani ja Golfi hoovuse mõjule on Eesti ilmastik tunduvalt pehmem samale laiuskraadile iseloomulikust mandrilisest kliimast.

Rannikualadel ja saartel on ilmad pehmemad kui sisemaal. Juunist septembrini on keskmine õhutemperatuur Küllaltki sagedased on olulised kõrvalekalded normidest nii külma kui ka sooja puhul.

Alates Seoses globaalse soojenemisega prognoositakse nende trendide jätkumist. Pikima suvepäeva pikkus on ligi 19 tundi, lühim talvepäev kestab vaid 6 tundi.

Valged ööd kestavad mai algusest juuli lõpuni. Eesti floora on tänu kohaliku mullastiku mitmekesisusele ja klimaatiliste tingimuste erinevusele suhteliselt liigirikas.

Elurikkuse kasvule on kaasa aidanud ka pikaajaline inimmõju, mille tulemusena on pärismaisest elustikust kujunenud ka pärandkooslused.

Eestis elab pärismaiseid soontaimi liiki ja samblaid liiki. Endeemsetest taimeliikidest kasvavad Eestis saaremaa robirohi ja eesti soojumikas. Loopealne Keilas.

Hajaasustus ja laiad metsased alad on võimaldanud ilveste , metssigade , pruunkarude ja põtrade karjakaupa säilimist teiste loomade seas. Eesti huntide arv on arvatavasti umbes Lindude hulgas on kaljukotkad ja valge-toonekured.

Eestis on viis rahvusparki, neist suurim on Lahemaa Rahvuspark põhjarannikul. Soomaa Rahvuspark Pärnu lähedal on tuntud laiade märgalade tõttu.

Matsalu Rahvuspargis on esindatud palju linnuliike. Eesti põhiseadus sätestab, et Eesti on iseseisev ja sõltumatu demokraatlik vabariik, kus kõrgeima riigivõimu kandja on rahvas.

Kõrgeimat riigivõimu teostab rahvas hääleõiguslike kodanike kaudu Riigikogu valimise ja rahvahääletusega. Eesti Vabariik kuulub Euroopa Liitu , Schengeni ruumi ja euroalasse, mis tähendab seda, et Eesti Vabariik on vabatahtlikult loobunud oma suveräänsuse teatud osast nt oma monetaarpoliitikast ja rahaühikust ja nõustus täitma Euroopa Liidu õigusnorme.

Vastavalt Riigikohtu selgitusele on Euroopa Liidu õigus Eesti jaoks ülimuslik, Eesti põhiseadusest saab kohaldada ainult seda osa, mis on Euroopa Liidu õigusega kooskõlas või reguleerib suhteid, mida Euroopa Liidu õigus ei reguleeri.

Võimude lahususe printsiibi järgi on seadusandlik, täidesaatev võim ja kohtuvõim seatud üksteist tasakaalustama ning on seega teatud mõttes vastandlike huvidega.

Eesti on parlamentaarne vabariik , kus seadusandlikku võimu teostab parlament Riigikogu , millel on liiget. Riigikogu liikmed valitakse neljaks aastaks.

Riigikogu valib iga 5 aasta tagant presidendi. President on Eesti riigipea. President on Eesti riigikaitse kõrgeim juht ja ta kuulutab Eesti vastu suunatud agressiooni korral välja sõjaseisukorra ja mobilisatsiooni.

Ühtlasi esindab ta riiki rahvusvahelises suhtlemises, kuulutab välja Riigikogu valimised, annab seadlusi ja algatab põhiseaduse muutmist.

President nimetab Riigikohtu ettepanekul ametisse kohtunikud, nimetab ja vabastab valitsuse ja kaitseväe juhataja ettepanekul ametist kaitseväe juhtkonna, annab riiklikke autasusid, sõjaväelisi ja diplomaatilisi auastmeid ning nimetab ametisse kaitseväe ülemjuhataja.

Valitsuse moodustamisel on määrav jõuvahekord Riigikogus. Valitsuse moodustab peaminister , kelle määrab ametisse president. Valitsuses on 15 liiget.

Valitsuse määrab ametisse president pärast parlamendi heakskiitu. Täidesaatvat võimu teostab valitsus riigiasutuste abil, mille hulka kuuluvad ministeeriumid , ametid, inspektsioonid ja muud valitsusasutused.

Eesti riigilipu värvid on sinine, must ja valge. Tavakäsitluse kohaselt esindavad need taevast, mulda ning eestlaste püüdlemist õnne ja valguse poole.

Esimene sinimustvalge lipp õnnistati Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi lipuna Otepääl 4. Pärast Eesti Vabariigi loomist sai Eesti rahvuslipp ka riigilipuks.

Eesti riigivapil on kuldsel kilbil kolm sinist sammuvat ja otsa vaatavat lõvi leopardi. Riigivapp kinnitati Neist esimene on Eesti Vabariigi esindustunnus ning teine põhiseadusliku riigivõimu tunnus [61].

Suure vapi kilpi ümbritseb külgedelt ja alt kaks kilbi alaosas ristuvat kuldset tammeoksa. Eesti Vabariigi riigihümn on " Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm ".

Hümni viisi lõi Soomes populaarseks muutunud laulule kirjutas Sajandi lõpuks oli see kinnistunud Eesti rahvushümnina ning seepärast ei hakatud seda ka Eesti iseseisvaks kuulutamise järel välja vahetama ega peetud tarvilikuks selle ametlikku kinnitamist.

Riiklikele sümbolitele lisaks on valitud on ka Eesti rahvuslind suitsupääsuke , rahvuslill rukkilill , rahvuskala räim , rahvusloom hunt , rahvusliblikas pääsusaba , rahvuskivi paas jne.

Pikk Hermann ja sinimustvalge Eesti lipp. Paas on Eesti rahvuskivi. Arvestuslike esialgsete numbrite järgi elas 1.

Statistikaameti täpsustatud andmete alusel oli 1. Eesti elanike arv kasvab aeglaselt sisserände tõttu, mis korvab negatiivse loomuliku iibe.

Loomulik iive kasvas Aastal oli loomulik iive erandina alates aastast viimase 20 aasta jooksul positiivne, [68] olles ka järgnevatel aastatel taas negatiivne.

Eesti venelaste iive on eestlaste omast madalam, seega läbi loomuliku iibe muutuse kasvab aja jooksul eestlaste osatähtsus.

Eesti elanikud on kohustatud registreerima oma elukoha rahvastikuregistris , kuid selle vastavust tegelikule ei kontrollita. Rahvastikuregistri andmed tuginevad kontaktandmete osas inimeste endi esitatud andmetele [69].

Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres sollte auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben sein. Siehe auch : Liste estnischer Dirigenten.

Tambur: Estonia square kilometers larger than thought. Abgerufen am Juli In: millenniumindicators. September In: Estonian Wildlife Tours.

Oktober amerikanisches Englisch. Oktober Westview Press Boulder, Colorado, , S. Voting to Become Citizens. Dezember Deutsche Welle, 1.

Juli , abgerufen am 1. Nicht mehr online verfügbar. Ministry of Defence, archiviert vom Original am 4. April ; abgerufen am 8.

Juni englisch. Juli englisch. Juni im Internet Archive , abgerufen am Mai , abgerufen am 8. April , abgerufen am 8.

Abgerufen am 3. Januar englisch. Juni Juni amerikanisches Englisch. In: www. November März amerikanisches Englisch.

März FAZ , Februar Christel Köhle-Hezinger Hrsg. April englisch. Dezember englisch. In: Global Competitiveness Index Dezember ]. September Memento vom Eurostat , 1.

Dezember , archiviert vom Original am Januar ; abgerufen am Juli englisch, Archivierte Version mit Daten von bis Eurostat , Juli , archiviert vom Original am Juli ; abgerufen am

Dit beeld is verplaatst van een plein bij de Nationale Bibliotheek van Estland naar de oorlogsbegraafplaats in de wijk Juhkentali. Kuidas ja millal see märkus eemaldada? Estisk 1. Noorema rauaaja — Nicht mehr online verfügbar. Archived from the original Definition Devisen 6 January Retrieved 2 June The Estonians; The long road to independence. Ongeveer 4. USD [4].

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Geographisch liegt Estland jedoch im Baltikum.

Wikipedia Estland der Einzahlung von echtem Kw45 Wikipedia Estland das Online Casino weitere Informationen Гber. - Navigationsmenü

März Estonia (Estonian: Eesti ()), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern mydawsoncity.com is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and mydawsoncity.com territory of Estonia consists of the Calling code: + Estland ligger på østkysten av Østersjøen med Finskebukta i nord, Russland i øst og Latvia sør. Landet er flatt og den gjennomsnittlige høyden er ikke høyere enn 50 meter, og det høyeste punktet i landet, Suur Munamägi, ligger i sørøst med meter. [trenger referanse] Grunnfjellet er dekket av et skikt kalkstein, sandstein og mydawsoncity.com i nord er preget av Flagg: Riksvåpen. Estland har et samlet areal på km², heraf vand km², landareal på km², og har et fugtigt fastlandsklima. Estland er en demokratisk, parlamentarisk republik, der er inddelt i 15 amter og 79 (siden 1. november ) kommuner, og dets hovedstad og største by er mydawsoncity.comndte regionale sprog: Võro, Setu. Estland [ˈeːstlant; ˈɛstlant] (estnisch Eesti [ ˈeːsʲti], amtlich Republik Estland, estnisch Eesti Vabariik) ist ein Staat im Baltikum. Als nördlichster der drei. Geographisch liegt Estland jedoch im Baltikum. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Name; 2 Geschichte. Datenschutz · Über Wikivoyage · Kontakt und Impressum · Nutzungsbedingungen · Klassische Ansicht. Estland gehört zu den drei baltischen Staaten. [mydawsoncity.coms Transaviabaltika) mit kleinen Propellermaschinen vom Typ [mydawsoncity.comdia.​org/wiki/. Estland;, officielt Republikken Estland, er et land i den baltiske region i Nordeuropa. Det grænser mod nord til Finske Bugt, til vest mod Østersøen, til syd mod Letland samt den østlige grænse mod Rusland, som hovedsagelig består af søen Peipus på km². Estland har søgrænser over Østersøen mod vest med Sverige og Finland i nord. Estland har et samlet areal på km², heraf vand km², landareal på km², og har et fugtigt fastlandsklima. Estland er en. Estland [ ˈeːstlant; ˈɛstlant] (estnisch Eesti [ ˈeːsʲti ], amtlich Republik Estland, estnisch Eesti Vabariik) ist ein Staat im Baltikum. Als nördlichster der drei baltischen Staaten grenzt es im Süden an Lettland, im Osten an Russland sowie im Norden und Westen an die Ostsee. Estland (Estisch: Eesti), officieel de Republiek Estland (Eesti Vabariik), is een land in Noordoost- Europa, dat in het westen wordt begrensd door de Oostzee, in het noorden door de Finse Golf, in het oosten door Rusland en in het zuiden door Letland. Tartu (Estonian pronunciation: South Estonian: Tarto) is the second largest city of Estonia, after Estonia's political and financial capital mydawsoncity.comed kilometres ( miles) southeast of Tallinn and kilometres ( miles) northeast of Riga, the capital of Latvia. Estland may refer to. Estland, the modern name for Estonia in several languages; Danish duchy of Estonia (Danish: Hertugdømmet Estland), a dominum directum of the King of Denmark from until in what is now Northern Estonia until it was sold and became. Darauf legt man wert. So wird das Baltikum sowohl Nordeuropa [6] als auch Mitteleuropa[7] Osteuropa [8] und Nordosteuropa [9] zugeordnet. Januar des Jahres. Naturschutzorganisationen sowie Umwelt- und Zollbehörden raten dazu, kein Risiko einzugehen und grundsätzlich auf Mitbringsel zu Online Automaten Spielen, die aus Tieren oder Pflanzen gefertigt Www.Farmerama.

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1 Kommentar

  1. Tuzragore

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